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Pregnancy and dentistry

Pregnancy and dentistry


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Pregnancy is an exciting and pleasing event, but it can lead to unexpected changes in oral health.

Pregnancy gingivitis:
Increased blood flow as a result of changes in the hormones of estrogen and progesterone leads to a pronounced reddish spongy appearance with swelling bleeding in the gums.Therefore, the accumulation of bacteria increases and the health of the gums deteriorates. It increases to the maximum point in the month and starts to decrease from the 9th month.
Oral care of the patient and cleaning of the dentist are very important because swelling gums make oral hygiene difficult. After each meal and before bedtime, the patient should brush his teeth and floss, and if he has nausea in the morning, he should use mouthwashes. However, mouthwash alone will not be enough.

Tumors of pregnancy:
Benign tumoral formations may occur as a result of pregnancy gingivitis. If these are uncomfortable, consult your dentist.

Nutrition during pregnancy:
During pregnancy, the nutritional regimen is changed and foods that can lead to the development of caries such as sweet and ice cream are consumed. Nutritional habits should be maintained as much as possible.
It would be beneficial for oral health to consume meat, fish and foods rich in vitamin C, such as daily B12-rich foods and fresh fruit. It will help oral health in a calcium-rich diet. Contrary to belief, pregnant and lactating women do not therefore lose calcium from their teeth. Calcium-rich food is beneficial to the teeth.
Pregnancy gingivitis, misfeeding and poor oral hygiene cause unwanted problems by increasing caries formation in teeth and gums during pregnancy and making hygiene difficult.

Fluoride usage:
Adequate intake of fluoride in pregnant women will be beneficial for the development of the baby and subsequent dental health.

Effects of amalgam fillings:
Studies have reported that mercury-like substances in amalgam fillings are not a problem. However, it may be replaced with composite fillers, if not required.

X-ray and anesthesia:
X-rays are not taken from pregnant women except for emergency situations. Toothache or infections of the teeth and gums are urgent as they can affect the baby and pregnancy. In emergencies, comforting treatments are applied to the patient until delivery and then their treatment is continued. The most appropriate period for patient intervention is the second trimester (2nd trimester).

Medicines:
Although many of them are used in dentistry, they can be used in pregnant women, and drugs are prescribed to the patients in consultation with the obstetrician.

Special treatment planning:
The ideal is to have the controls and treatments done by a dentist before getting pregnant. If this is not possible, you can still have your procedures done to protect your oral and dental health. You must tell your doctor that you are or may be pregnant. Pregnancy can cause excitement when you go to the dentist. Without any excitement, you can go to the dentist with peace of mind. Enjoying being a mother is very important for your baby and your health.


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