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Today, the improvement of health conditions and routine health checks of children have led to serious reductions in the number of children with chronic tonsil problems and who had to undergo surgery. Nevertheless, children living in metropolises such as Istanbul were socialized at an early age and started to kindergartens; yet the immune system is not fully developed in the age of the child is exposed to infectious agents. Children between the ages of 3 and 7 often apply to pediatric specialists or ENT specialists with nasal flesh and tonsil infections and the disease is treated with antibiotic treatments. American Hospital ENT Department Assoc. Dr. Tan Ergin tells about the curious ones:
In cases where drug treatment is inadequate, surgical treatment of the disease may be considered from time to time. There are two important conditions for the operation of tonsils:
1- Tonsils grow as a result of the infections passed over the child's breathing, eating enough to prevent eating. In fact, some of the children have difficulty breathing in their sleep during the night, which may result in breathing irregularities and interruptions called apnea attacks. A child with apnea attacks should be operated immediately. Otherwise, there is a risk of encountering many unpleasant problems from heart rhythm disturbances to sudden death in sleep.
2- Tonsils cause frequent infections and this is a second reason for surgery. If 5 or more tonsil infections are experienced in a year, which should be treated with fever and antibiotics, or if tonsil infection occurs 3-4 times a year for several consecutive years, surgery should be taken.
Although the overall number decreases, tonsillectomy (Tonsillectomy) is one of the most common operations performed in childhood. Nowadays, operations are performed under general anesthesia. After the surgery, which lasts about half an hour, most of the children are sent back to their homes on the same day. The presence of another accompanying health problem and coming from outside the city are usually the reasons for staying in the hospital.
Surgical technique has also evolved over the years; In addition to classical technique, surgery with laser and radiofrequency waves are among the surgical methods of today. In the ENT department of American Hospital, Thermal Welding Method, which is a kind of radiofrequency method, is routinely used. The advantage of this method is that it allows the operation to be performed in a bloodless environment and the risk of postoperative bleeding and pain is relatively low. Pain is triggered by swallowing which is tried to be controlled with painkillers after tonsil surgeries is the most important problem. This problem, which lasts about one week after surgery, causes a restriction in feeding of children during this period. During this period, it is recommended to consume cold and warm liquid and soft foods. It is important that the child receives enough fluid, especially water, during the period following surgery; A mild fever may also occur in children who do not take enough fluids, which prolongs the recovery period.
Significant improvement in the quality of life of children is observed postoperatively; they begin to breathe better and become less ill. Therefore, both physical growth and development are better and cognitive functions such as comprehension and learning at school increase.