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Water ağı The source of life… We all know how important water is to life. Water is an inevitable necessity, not just for human beings, but for all life forms we know. For this reason, we believe that there can be no life without water. In space explorations, we conclude that no water is detected on any other planet outside the world, so there is no life. In chemistry class in schools, we first learn the formula of water. We learn that water consists of two hydrogen and one oxygen atom, and we are amazed at how these substances, both flammable and caustic, extinguish the fire.
But perhaps there are other facts that we do not know or do not pay attention to when we know: water is the most important nutrient for human beings, or as our bodies contain more water than any other substance on earth.
Water accounts for 55-75% of an adult human body. Approximately two-thirds of this water is in the cells and the rest is in the cells and in the blood. Muscles contain more water than fat. Therefore, the weaker the more water in your body. Water is found in every part of our body. More than 80% of blood, 73% of muscle tissue, 25% of fat and even kemik “of water is composed.
What are the duties of water in our body?
Water provides the necessary environment for all chemical reactions taking place in the body. Products, wastes and nutrients that are produced as a result of these chemical reactions are also dissolved and transported in water.
Water is a substance that is essential for the maintenance of life and maintenance of life. It takes part in almost every function required in the organism. The most important tasks:
• Adjusting body temperature
• Transport of nutrients and oxygen
• Removal of waste materials from cells
• Ensuring proper functioning of joints
• Providing skin moisture and elasticity
• Facilitation of digestion
• Protection of organs and tissues.
When we lose only two percent of the water surrounding our cells, we lose about 20% energy. Even this is enough to understand how important water is to human life.
As for all living things, water is the most important vital substance in human beings. A person can survive for up to a week without eating anything. However, he can survive no more than 3 days without drinking water. If we can stop at a normal temperature and without any movement in a windless environment, this period may be extended for a few days. Although people are able to tolerate hunger for a long time, it is clear that they are vulnerable to thirst. Because the human body cannot store water. Almost all of the existing water is actively used.
When the body loses water, if there is not enough water intake, it enters an incredible struggle to protect the remaining water. It slows down its metabolism and even reduces urine output and produces almost no urine.
Decreasing the amount of water in the body is called dehydration. Normally a person loses about 2 liters a day, ie 10 glasses of water. Water loss is not only through sweating or urine. When breathing in, a significant amount of water is lost in the form of steam. This is best noticed in cold weather or when blowing in a cold glass or mirror. On the other hand, stool is also an important water loss factor. This amount lost daily is the amount lost when the weather is not too hot and when sports are not performed. This water lost as a result of normal body functions must be replaced and the best way to do this is to drink water directly.
Dehydration can become very serious from time to time. In the presence of severe dehydration, the person may need to be hospitalized and the deficit covered by intravenous fluids. However, even mild dehydration is an emergency that should be avoided without wasting time. Lack of water affects a person's concentration capacity, reduces energy and prevents normal functioning of organs.
The earliest signs of dehydration are dry mouth and throat. However, many people are unaware of these findings. It is therefore important to drink enough water before waking up to a thirsty feeling. The findings of dehydration are:
• Dry mouth and throat
• Muscle cramps
• Skin dryness
• Sudden late loss and weakness
• Darkening and decreasing amount of urine color
How much water is required to drink?
A normal adult should drink an average of 10-12 glasses of water per day. In some cases this amount increases:
• To maintain body temperature in extremely hot or cold weather
• To replace sweat with exercise after exercise
• Due to both increased blood supply and the developing baby during pregnancy
• Due to milk production in lactating women
• In cases such as fever, diarrhea and vomiting
more water than usual to avoid.
A common but wrong belief among people is that water should not be taken when diarrhea occurs. Diarrhea is not caused by excessive water pathologies. Therefore, if diarrhea is not replaced with water, vital consequences can occur. Diarrhea infants are not given enough water in our country baby deaths is one of the most important reasons.
When enough water is drunk, excess water is excreted as urine. In this case, the color of your urine is clear and clear. When the water intake does not meet the loss, the amount of urine decreases, the color becomes darker and more concentrated. In this case, the signals reaching the brain will cause you to feel thirsty and release some hormones that limit water loss.
Water is not the only source for humans. Many substances in daily nutrition contain water. Approximately 84% of apples, 81% of grapes, 50% of milk, or more than 80% of tomato soup, for example, are actually water. However, since some of the substances contained in these nutrients may have diuretic effect, water taken only with nutrients is never sufficient.
Pregnancy and water
Expecting a baby is one of the most entertaining and exciting experiences of women's life. However, it can be difficult to tolerate some of the symptoms during pregnancy. The most important of these are constipation, urinary tract infections and hemorrhoids. Adequate fluid intake provides softening of the feces and prevents constipation and hence the formation of hemorrhoids. The way to minimize these complaints is to drink enough water. Contrary to popular belief, drinking too much water does not cause water retention.
Fluid intake is extremely important in every period of pregnancy from beginning to end. Adequate hydration, ie fluid intake, will help you to feel energetic and prevent problems such as skin dryness. In addition, the electrolyte balance in both you and your baby's blood can be easily achieved when you have enough fluids.
Hormones secreted during pregnancy change the way a person uses fluids. By the end of your pregnancy, your blood volume will increase to approximately 1.5 times. During pregnancy, the amount of water you lose from your lungs through the respiratory tract is higher than before pregnancy. Your baby's amniotic fluid renews itself every 3 hours. In case of dehydration due to insufficient water intake, the amount of amniotic fluid may be reduced.
Another negative effect of dehydration during pregnancy is the pain of preterm birth. In case of dehydration, some hormones secreted may mimic the hormone that initiates birth contractions and cause premature labor contractions. It is remarkable that the first procedure in the treatment of preterm birth threat is to give fluid by means of vascular access, in order to indicate the importance of fluid intake. Most of the time, mild contractions go away with the administration of fluid only.
Water is the body's transport system. Nutrients and oxygen to your baby through the blood is no other than water. Water also plays an active role in preventing urinary tract infections, which are common in pregnancy and can lead to preterm birth and miscarriages. If you drink enough water, your urine will be diluted and your chances of infection will be reduced.
To have a healthy pregnancy, you should drink at least 8-10 glasses of water per day. If you are an active person or you are exercising, the amount you need is a little more. You should drink 1 cup more water for every 1 hour exercise.
Fruit juices are the substances you may prefer in your daily fluid intake, but remember that they contain large amounts of calories. Water is one of the rare ingredients that contains no calories. Since caffeine-containing substances such as coffee, tea and cola have diuretic effects, they do not have any value in daily fluid intake. These will cause you to urinate more than the amount you take and ultimately cause you to lose water.
Recommendations for adequate water intake
Don't wait for your thirst to drink water. When you do this, you can be sure that your water intake is not enough.
• For a glass of water at every meal
• After getting up in the morning, try to drink at least 2 glasses of water until noon and drink two glasses between noon and midnight.
• Get the habit of drinking a glass of water before going to bed
• Be sure to water when you see a fountain while walking
• Try drinking water instead of eating junk food. Drink water while reading newspapers or watching television
• If you don't like the taste (or unpleasantness) of the water, try flavoring it by adding a few drops of lemon or orange juice.
Kiss. Dr. Contact Alper directly
Women Health and Diseases Specialist
I [email protected]